Satsuki terms
EXPLANATION OF SATSUKI OR BONSAI TERMS
bs a bs b bs c bs d bs E bs f bs g bs h bs i bs j bs k bs m bs n bs o bs r bs S bs T bs U bs w bs Y
japanese explanation
a
AIOI Double trunk or twin trunked tree.
AIOI-no-MATSU Double trunked pines
AJI Atmosphere presented by the tree

AKA MUJI GROUND COLOR RED
AKADAMA TSUCHI Akadama Soil
AKADAMATSUCHI SOIL TYPE
ARA KAWA SHO Tree with rough bark.
ARA KI or ARA GI Freshly dug tree or new tree, Collected or field
ARAKI COLLECTED FROM A FIELD
ARARE SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER


b
BANKAN Trunk with many curves, "coiled snake." Also means a gnarled trunk. Also a flat slab of rootage instead of individual
BANKON MASS ROOTS (WHERE THICK ROOTS HAVE COMBINED TOGETHER)
BENI SHITAN Cotoneaster horizontalis.
BONJU A bonsai tree.
BONKEI Natural landscapes in a dish (with rocks, plants, animal figures, houses)
BONKEI TRAY LANDSCAPE .
BONSAI-EN An area where bonsai trees are kept and trained
BOTAN ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
BUNJIN LITERATI FORM

c
CHIRIMENKAZURA Star Jasmine
CHOKKAN FORMAL UPRIGHT FORM
CHOUJI ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
CHU BONSAI BETWEEN 40 AND 60 CM IN HEIGHT
CHU-SHAKAN Tree with medium slant
CHU-TAKU Literally, "Medium Home." Stand of medium height.

d
DAI BONSAI OVER 60CM IN HEIGHT
DAI KI Parent plant.
DAI-KENGAI Very vertical, formal cascade
DAI-SHAKAN Tree with an extreme slant.
DAISHO SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
DATE SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
DESHOUJOU Japanese red maple, Acer palumatum var. Matsumurae
DOU BUKI Adventitious Budding.

E
EDA BRANCH
EDA BONE Branch structure
EDA GIN Jin, deadwood branch.
EDA JIN WEATHERED BRANCH
EDA JUN BRANCH SEQUENCE
EDA TANYA Branch shelf. Branch extending from the trunk with subsequent ramification to form a pad. To have a number of
EDA UCHI Harmonizing effect of branches.

f
FUKAKIRE ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
FUKIAGE SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
FUKINAGASHI Windswept
FUKINAGASHI KENGAI Cascade with windswept branches or trunk
FUKKAKE SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
FUKURIN PATTERN OF FLOWER
FUKURIN SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
FUKURIN FLOWER PATTERN
FUTAE ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
FUTAMATA EDA Y-shaped branch
FUTAME FUTABA NOKOSHI GROWTH REDUCTION FOR THE LIGHT TO REACH THE INNER BRANCHES
FUTOKORO EDA SMALLER BRANCH CRADLED BY LARGER
FUTSU ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
FUTU-KORO-EDA "Futu-koro" is when two sides of a kimono overlap to form a sort of pocket. A pocket branch.

g
GAITO KENGAI Cascading from the top of a cliff or dome.
GEI Inherent movement in the trunk
GI SEI SHI Sacrifice branch
GOHAN-YOSE Group planting of five trees
GOKAN Five trunked tree
GRADATION PATTERN OF FLOWER
GYAKU EDA Literally "contrary branch." Ingrowing branch
GYO Formal display

h
HA Leaf, foliage
HA GARI Pinching out leaves.
HA MIZU Misting leaves with water
HACHI POT
HACHI UYE A large trained tree in a container, but too big to be considered a bonsai.
HACHIAGE POTTING
HAKEME SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
HAN EN EDA Half circle branch
HAN KENGAI SEMI-CASCADE
HANAGARA THE PATTERN OF FLOWER
HANAGATA THE SCHAPE OF FLOWER
HANZOME PATTERN OF FLOWER
HAPPO NEBARI THE OVERALL CONDETION OF ROOTS
HARA EDA BELLY BRANCH
HARI GANE KAKE Wiring a tree.
HARIGANA A WIRE
HARU SAME PATTERN OF FLOWER
HARUBA NEW LEAVES IN SPRING
HIGARI CARE AFTER FLOWERING
HIJI TSUKI EDA Elbow branch
HOKIDACHI Broom form.
HONEN Flame shaped tree
HOSO HA THIN LEAF
HOSOBEN ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER

i
ICHI NO EDA FIRST BRANCH FROM BOTTOM UP
IKADABUKI Raft style. A tree that has fallen on its side, the upright branches becoming individual trees.
IKI MICHI or MIZU SU Life line or water in take.
IME EDA UNDESIREABLE BRANCHES
IMIEDA BRANCHES THAT WILL BE REMOVED
IPPON-UYE A single tree
ISHI SEKI or ISHI ZUKE Seated on rock” clinging to rock
ISHI UYE a rock as a container

j
JANOME SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
JI DAI Literally, "Character of Age." Period or age. To show age; basic feature of all bonsai; "good Jidai" "shows Jidai" are
JIAI PATTERN OF FLOWER
JIAI SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
JIBAN A thin wooden board on which to display medium sized bonsai
JIN Dead tip of a branch or apex of a tree
JIN DEADWOOD BRANCH
JIN REMOVED BARK
JU SEI Growth of the tree or tree vigor. Normal or satisfactory growth of the roots, trunk and branches of the tree. Also
JUKAN TOP OF THE TREE
JUKOU THE TRUNK HEIGHT
JUSEI VIGOR OF GROWTH

k
KABAIRO REDDISCH YELLOW
KABUBUKI or KABUDACHI Multiple-trunk/clump
KAEDE Maple
KAERUMATA EDA Literally "come back again branch." U shaped branch
KAKAMA ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KAKIIRO SALMON PINK
KAKU HA DIAMOND LEAF
KAMINARI Lightening struck trunk
KAN REI SHA Shade cloth. By direct translation, Kanrei (Cold) and Sha (Wide thin sheet of cloth made of cotton or nylon); used
KAN SUI Watering.
KANJU Deciduous tree.
KANNUKI EDA BAR (ALIGNED ACROSS TRUNK (+) BRANCHES
KANNUKI EDA An ugly branch that needs to be cut off; a bar branch
KANOKO SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
KANSUI WATERING
KANUMATSUCHI SOIL TYPE (SATSUKI)
KARAMAE NE Tangled roots or intertwining of roots. These roots appearing on the surface considered undesirable; when repotting
KARAMAE-MIKI Entwined trunks
KARI KOMI Pruning and cutting of leaves and branches.
KARUSU Callous.
KASANARI EDA OVERLAPPING BRANCH
KASANE ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KASHI Oak
KATA EDA Branching occurring on only one side of the trunk.
KATA NE Roots occurring on only one side of the trunk.
KATA NEBARI ONE-SIDED ROOT
KATA SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
KATAMERU Hardening, strengthen
KEI SEI SOU Cambium.
KENBEN ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KENGAI CASCADE
KETOSTUCHI SOIL TYPE
KEYAKI Zelkova
KIFU BONSAI BETWEEN 20 AND 40CM IN HEIGHT
KIKI EDA FOCAL OR SHOW BRANCH
KIKIEDA FIRS BRANCH
KIKU ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KIKYO ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KIRE ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KIRI MODOSHI REDUCING THE GROWTH BY PRUNING
KIRI MODOSHI Cutting back to first or second bud for the purpose of reshaping branch ramification.
KO EDA Very graceful limb
KO SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
KOBOKU LARGE OLD TRUNK
KOBU MIKI KNOBBY TRUNK
KOCHO ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KOE EDA VERY FINE, TWIGGY BRANCHES
KOJIKU KIRI CUTTING INTO THE OLD WOOD
KOKE MOSS
KOKE JUN Taper theb branch in order
KONAMIUCHI ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KORIN ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KOSA EDA Crossed branches
KOSHIMINO ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KOTAKU A tall stand for cascades
KOU SHISHOKU RED PURPLE
KUITSUKI BRANCH THAT IS STUCK TO ANOTHER BRANCH
KUMO-AHSI Cloud-formed leg of a pot
KURUMA EDA SPOKE LIKE BRANCHES
KURUMA ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
KURUME EDA Wheel spoked branches
KUSAMONO Grass for displaying
KYOKU DUKE Curve making. Wiring to bend trunk and branches to enhance shape and flow of entire tree.
KYOKUZUKE MAKING CURVES BY WIRE THE BRANCH OR TRUNK
KYUHON-YOSE A group planting with nine trees
KYUKAN A tree with nine trunks

m
MAE FRONT OF THE TREE
MAE EDA FRONT (STRAIGHT FORWARD) BRANCH
MAEEDA BRANCH ON THE FRONT OF THE TREE
MAKI ADAI Rolled stand
MAKI HA CURLED LEAF
MAME BONSAI LESS THAN 7CM IN HEIGHT
MANJU ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
MARU HA WIDE ELIPTICAL LEAF
MARUBEN PATTERN OF FLOWER
MARUBEN ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
MATSU Pine. Aka matsu, Red Pine.
MATSU-ZUKURI Pine tree shaped
MEI BOKU Old, antique and elegant bonsai.
MESUKI REMOVING THE SURPLUS OF BUDS
METSUKI EDA Eye-poking branch
METSUMI PINCHING OF LEAVES
MI MONO Fruit bearing bonsai.
MI SHO Raising bonsai from seed.
MIJIN SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
MIKI TRUNK
MIKI KIRI EDA A branch crossing the trunk
MINO ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
MIZU Water
MIZU GA AMAI "Water sweet." Refers to the amount of water applied; implies generous.
MIZU GA KARAI "Water hot." Refers to the amount of water applied; implies sparingly.
MIZU GIRE Too dry.
MIZU GOE Fertilizer dissolved in water.
MIZUGOKE SPHAGNUM MOSS
MIZUSUI WATER INTAKE THAT APPEARS ON HARDWOOD TREES
MOMOIRO MUJI GROUND COLOR PINK
MOTOBADOME PRUNING OF NEW LEAVES
MOTOBATOME CUTTING TECHNIQUE TOT CUT THE NEWLY GROWN BRANCHES ANS LEAVE THE OLD ONES
MOYOGI INFORMAL UPRIGHT FORM
MURASAKI PURPLE

 

n

Naegi seedling
NAMI HA LONG ELIPTICAL LEAF
NAMIUCHI ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
NANAHAN YOSE Group planting with seven trees
NANAKAN A tree with seven trunks
NATSUBA LEAVES COMING OUT AT SUMMER
NE BUSE Root pruning.
NE JOKU A stand made from natural tree roots
NEAGARI or NEGARI Exposed root style
NEARAI CLEANING ROOTS
NEBARI SPREAS ROOT FORMATION
NEBARI Surface roots.
NEGARI ROOT OVER ROCK
NEJIKAN or NE-JIREKAN Twisted trunk
NETSUGI ROOT GRAFTING
NETSUNAGARI ROOT CONNECTED
NI NO EDA SECOND BRANCH FROM BOTTOM UP
NISHOKU ZAKI FLOWER COLOR TWO DIFFERENT COLOR GROUPS BASE COLOR IS NOT COUNTED


o
O- Large
O SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
OCHI EDA DROOPING BRANCH
O-MOYOGI Excessively curved trunk
OREIGOE FERTILIZING AFTER FLOWER
OYA KI Parent tree in reference to air layering.
PEN JING LANDSCAPE PLANTING

r
ROSOKU-ZUKURI Candle flame shaped tree
RYUZETSU ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER

S
SABAKAN ROTTEN TRUNK
SABAKAN Hollow or rotter trunk
SABAMIKI SPLIT-TRUNK
SABI An artistic, zen concept. Antiquated elegance or a graceful form of loneliness and solitude
SAGARI EDA A hanging branch
SAI KEI LANDSCAPE PLANTING
SAI ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
SAI-KEI Landscape planting with rocks and trees, but no figures.
SAKASA EDA OPPOSING BRANCH
SAKU Composition.
SAKURA Flowering cherry
SAMON YOSE A group planting with three trees
SAN NO EDA THIRD BRANCH FROM BOTTOM UP
SAN SUI Mountain and Water
SANKAN TRIPLE-TRUNK
SAN-NO EDA Third branch
SARASA SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
SASHI EDA LARGEST BRANCH
SASHI HO Cutting.
SASHI KI Propegation by means of cutting.
SEI SHI Bonsai training
SEIKEI FORMING OR SHAPING FOR BRANCHES
SEISHI STYLING FOR TREE
SEKI KAZARI General term used to describe a bonsai display. Seki alone means (Seat or Straw-mat, Tatami) however, combining
SEKIJOJU Root over rock
SEKI-KAZARI Displaying in individual booths
SEKKAI IOU GOUZAI Lime sulphur mix.
SEKKAN or SETSU KAN Distance between nodes.
SENTANDOME REMOVE GERMS AT THE END OF A BRANCH
SENTEI TRIMMING
SHAKAN SLANTING FORM
SHARI DEADWOOD ON TRUNK
SHARIMIKI Deadwood on the trunk, more commonly shari.
SHARIMIKI DRIFTWOOD
SHI KOUSHOKU PURPLE RED
SHIBE ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
SHIBORI SOKOJIRO PATTERN OF FLOWER
SHIBUI A simple beauty that defies description
SHICKIKAN Tree with seven trunks
SHIDARE ZUKURI WEEPING
SHIDARE-ZUKURI Weeping form
SHIHO HAPPO NEBARI ROOTS IN ALL DIRECTIONS
SHIME KOMU Komu literally means "crowded." To make compact.
SHIN An apex of a tree. Also a very formal display.
SHIN SHO New growth
SHINKIRE EDA A stubbed branch
SHINNASHI No apex
SHIRO MUJI GROUND COLOR WHITE
SHIRO SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
SHIZEN
SHIZEN-BAN A slab of wood formed by sawing a disk of wood out of a trunk. Used to display large bonsai.
SHIZEN-ZUKURI Natural shape
SHO HAKU Coniferous trees.
SHO KI Bonsai from collected specimens.
SHO SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
SHOHIN BONSAI UP TO 20CM IN HEIGHT
SHO-SHAKAN Tree with a minimal slant
SHOUHIN SMALL TREE LESS THAN 15 CM TALL
SHU BOKU Primary tree. The main tree in the display, such as in the Seki kazari.
SHU KAN Main trunk
SO A casual display
SOGU-KI A trunk split in two
SOJU Two individual trees, but displayed together in a pot as a unit
SOKAN TWIN-TRUNK
SOKOJIRO PATTERN OF FLOWER
SUIBAN "Water basin." Shallow water tray without drainage holes for display rock plantings.
SUIBAN SHALLOW WATER TRAY
SUI-SEK Waterstone
SUISEKI Rocky landscape. Commonly known in the west as Viewing stones.
SUKASU Literally, "To look through." To thin. Reducing the number of leaves, branches, buds, roots, etc.

T
TACHI AGARI Literally, "Standing upward." Baseline of a trunk.
TACHI AGARI KENGAI Upright cascade
TACHI EDA UPRIGHT STANDING BRANCH
TACHIAGARI LOWER PART OF TRUNK
TACHIKI or TACHI-GI Informal upright tree
TAKAN-KENGAI More than two trunks cascading
TAKE-DAI Woven bamboo mat to display bonsai
TAKI-KENGAIN Waterfall cascade
TAKU Stand
TAMAFU PATTERN OF FLOWER
TAMAHI KIND OF FERTILIZER
TAMA-ZUKURI Ball or sphere shaped tree
TANA KAZARI Shelf display. Display stand in shape of a box; a stand primarily used for displaying 'Shohin-Bonsai' with
TANUKI FORM WHERE SAPLING IS ATTACHED TO DEADWOOD
TATE SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
TEN JIN WEATHERED TOP
TOBIFU PATTERN OF FLOWER
TOBIIRI SHIBORI PATTERN OF FLOWER
TOCHOUME SHOOT THAT GROWS VERY FAST
TOKIIRO PINK PEACH
TOKONOMA TRADITIONAL JAPANESE DISPLAY AREA
TORI KI Airlayering
TORI KI MONO Bonsai obtained through airlayering
TSUCHI Soil
TSUGI HO Scion.
TSUGI KI Grafting
TSUMA JIRO PATTERN OF FLOWER
TSUMABENI PATTERN OF FLOWER
tsuri^ keishiki fi^rudo tree form field
tsuri^ keishiki hoikuen tree form nursery

U
UE TSUCHI Literally "Top Soil." Planting Soil
UEKAE REPOTTING TIME
UETSUCHI REPOTTING SOIL
UETSUKE PLANTING
UKE EDA Balancing branch. Balancing or secondary branch that is shorter than and can appear above or below the Kiki Eda
URA EDA BACK BRANCH
USHIRO BACK OF THE TREE
USHIRO EDA Back branch
UWANE SURFACE ROOTS
UWATSUCHI SURFACE SOIL

w
WABI Artistic zen concept. Stillness or loneliness. An absence of superfluous material possessions.
WAKA GI Young tree.


Y
YAE ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER
YAKU EDA DESIREABLE BRANCHES
yama kara ki tree from the mountain
YAMADORI Collected material. Yama, literally “Mountain.
YAMAHORI A trunk composed of several fused trees due to their developing close together from seeds.
YOKO-NAGASHI KENGAI Sidesweeping cascade
YON NO EDA FOURTH BRANCH FROM BOTTOM UP
YORE HA WAVY LEAF
YOSE UE GROUP PLANTING
YUMI-KAN A bow shaped trunk
YURI ZAKI SHAPE OF FLOWER